Torre

Summary

Colors Bordeaux with blue and white border
Symbol Tower (elefant)
Flag Torre
Terzo Terzo di San Martino
Headquarters Via Salicotto 103
Museum Via Salicotto 103
Clubhouse Società “L’Elefante”, Via Salicotto
Contradaioli Torraioli
Oratory Chiesa di San Giacomo
Paitron Saint S.Giacomo Apostolo (25 july)
Enemie(s) Oca
Onda (antecedente il 1599)
Allied contrade Bruco (dal 1912)
Chiocciola (dal 1689 al 1972)
Leocorno (dal 1793 al 1980)
Selva (dal 1790 al 1960)
Tartuca (dal 1689 al 1933)
Victories 45 officially recognized
Website http://www.contradadellatorre.it

Info

Territorium

The Bando di Violante di Baviera from 1730 determined the division of the city of Siena into 17 Contrade. People referred to buildings and their owners instead of the streets (as they do now). The document is still seen today as the basis on which the actual boundaries of the districts were determined.

Today, the following streets are part of the area’s territory:

  • via di Salicotto
  • via Rinaldini (part)
  • Banchi di Sotto (part)
  • piazza del Mercato (Siena) (part)
  • via degli Archi
  • via delle Logge del Papa (part)
  • via del Porrione (part)
  • via San Martino (part)
  • via del Luparello
  • via dei Malcontenti
  • vicolo delle Scalelle
  • vicolo del Contradino
  • vicolo di Coda
  • vicolo delle Scotte
  • vicolo dell’Oro
  • vicolo della Fortuna
  • vicolo del Vannello
  • vicolo della Manna
  • via del Rialto

 

spadaforte

The former territory of the extinct Contrada della Spadaforte has also been partially included in Torre. The other piece is at Leocorno.

vipera

The former territory of the extinct Contrada della Vipera is also partially included in Torre. Vipera is the only Contrada Soppressa that would have won a Palio (1648), although not officially recognized but a Bufalata in which 4 neighborhoods participated.

History

Torre 3After the victory of 1526 against the army of Clemente VII, the Sienese government decided to build a church dedicated to San Giacomo on the territory of the then Contrada del Lionfante (Leocorno + Torre) in the Salicotto part. The new church was entrusted to the residents of the neighborhood who had an elephant with a tower as their emblem. This later became the symbol of the neighborhood.

Important locations and Festa Titolare

Torre 1

The Oratory of Torre, Chiesa di San Giacomo, was built in 1526 after the victory against the Florentines. Because it was mainly the men of the Salicotto neighborhood who excelled in that war, the church was built on their territory. Over the years she was passed on to the Contrada della Torre.

The baptismal fountain is in via Salicotti. Mario Berrettini built it in 1984 to replace that of Fausto Corsini from 1954. You can find it on the small square to the museum and the seat of the neighborhood.

The Festa Titolare in honor of patron saint S.Giacomo Apostolo is celebrated on July 25.

Torre and the Palio

Torre 4

Torre has 45 officially recognized victories. The last one was on July 2, 2015, with Andrea Mari (Brio) on Morosita Prima.

To date, Torre has twice won a Cappotto. The first in 1787, then in 1896.

Torre was in the past a neighborhood that could compete with enemy Oca for victories. Torre won 38 Palios until the end of the 19th century. Chiocciola arrived at the same number. Only Oca did slightly better with 42. Meanwhile (115 years later) the counter of Oca is at 65 and Torre at 45. The 20th was a great success for Oca that was in line with their previous centuries. For Torre, with only 5 wins in 100 years, it was a disaster. After the victory of ’61, no fewer than 44 years had to wait for a new victory in 2005. After these wins, it was 44 days (every day, I can testify) a celebration.

You can find all the drappelloni won here. The Numeri Unici are also online.

Anecdotes

Torre 5

When Torre was finally able to win again in 2005 after waiting for 44 years, it was buzzing in the city for 2 weeks about whether or not a real elephant would participate in the victory procession (Corteo della Vittoria). Many people went early that afternoon to La Lizza where the procession was formed to see whether it was true or not. When suddenly a truck from a circus from Rome arrived , it became clear. There was an elephant.

The elephant was given a place at the front and opened the Corteo through the streets of Siena to the Piazza del Campo.

Rivalry with Oca

The rivalry between Oca and Torre is the only remaining rivalry between non-neighboring neighborhoods. It is also one of the oldest rivalries in Siena. Probably this, unlike others who argue about territory, arose from derailed arguments about economic interests in the struggle for the administration of the city.

The enmity was lifted to a higher level in the 19th century. Both neighborhoods in turn tried to bring in “Gobbo Saragiolo” (Francesco Santini) as a fantino. This top rider, who celebrated 15 victories, was not averse to bribery and defection. He was a very loyal mercenary who paid him enough. He won 3x for Oca and 5x for Torre.

Over the years, there have been various attempts at reconciliation between the two earthly rivals (the last dating from the early twentieth century), but never with success. For the torraioli, the enmity with Oca is the only one that really matters. The rivalry with neighbor Onda is one that is only recognized by Onda as enmity.

Rivalry with Onda

The rivalry between Onda and Torre is the oldest in the city and dates back to the 16th century.

Discussions about territory, as well as the very strong alliance between Oca (historic rival of Torre) and Onda (ended in 1966) were at the basis of this rivalry. This rivalry peaked in the mid-17th and early 18th centuries.

In 1641 Onda entrusted his horse to Torre. Despite the promise to give it back for the race, this did not happen and Torre de Palio won. Onda answered this insult by stealing a copper drum from Torre.

Torre 2

In the following decades it went from bad to worse. During the Palio of July 2, 1688, Torre’s fantino pulled the reins of Onda’s second Casato horse. In response, someone from Onda’s Corteo Storico killed Torre’s standard bearer. The Ondaiolo fled and could not be arrested for his act. The tension between the two neighborhoods increased and contradaioli from the other neighborhood were promptly thrown out of their homes and employees were fired if they were employed by someone of the enemy.

In 1713 a discussion followed between a ondaiolo and the captain of Torre. This ended with a knife stab from the ondaiolo. The angry torraioli promptly invaded Malborghetto to take revenge. Time to restore peace was thought in Siena. On 10 August of the same year, a notarial act signed a reconciliation that heralded the end of rivalry. As a symbolic gesture, Onda returned the stolen drum to Torre.

The contacts between the two neighborhoods became better. During the Palio of July 2, 1811, things got out of hand again. Torre was the first to cross the line, followed by Onda. A big fight ensued. The ondaioli claimed that Torre had only walked two rounds. Both districts went to Provenzano for the Te Deum. Only the next day was the Drappellone awarded to … Torre.

The rivalry between Onda and Torre is not a mutual one today. Onda regarded Torre as a real rival that must be stopped at all times. Torre, however, does not recognize the enmity with Onda and dismisses them as “a difficult neighbor”. Torre puts his energy in Oca, which can also be seen very clearly in the district’s victory tokens and books. There is only mockery with Oca.

A perfect illustration of this is the Palio of August 1972 when Onda won because of an error by Aceto that did not win for Oca. The torraioli celebrated Onda’s victory because earthly rival had lost Oca.

On the other hand, it was not so long ago (early 1980s) that Torre, after a bad loss, invaded Onda to be pelted with everything the ondaioli found to protect themselves. Pots and pans were thrown through the windows at the torraioli.

Images

Victories

1 02/07/1652 Mone ?
2 02/07/1656 Mone ?
3 02/07/1657 Mone ?
4 02/07/1660 Pavolino ?
5 02/07/1665 Granchio ?
6 04/07/1684 Strega ?
Total victories in de 17th century : 6
7 02/07/1717 Strega Gioia
8 17/08/1752 Checchino falbo del Papi
9 05/07/1762 Checchino castagno del Ricci
10 16/08/1764 Checchino stornello del Falorsi
11 14/05/1767 Bastiancino castagno del Ricci
12 02/07/1776 Batticulo morello del Gambassi
13 02/07/1783 Biggeri morello del Nepi
14 16/08/1784 Ciocio Rosso
15 02/07/1787 Groppa Secca sauro sfaccettato del Nepi
16 16/08/1787 Groppa Secca baio dorato del Nepi
17 17/08/1795 Biggeri morello del Baldini
18 16/08/1796 Biggeri morello del Ceccarelli
Total victories in de 18th century : 12
19 14/05/1809 Biggeri baio scuro del Manetti
20 02/07/1811 Pettiere baio dorato del Ricci
21 17/08/1814 Ciccina baio scuro del Pagliai
22 16/08/1816 Caino baio dorato di Riccio
23 18/08/1822 Mugnaino baio scuro del Pagliai
24 03/07/1825 Ciccina morello del Felli
25 02/07/1829 Gobbo Saragiolo morello bruciato del Coppi
26 16/08/1831 Il Brutto baio dorato del Batazzi
27 17/08/1835 Gobbo Saragiolo morello dello Iacopi
28 16/08/1839 Gobbo Saragiolo morello del Buoni
29 16/08/1843 Gobbo Saragiolo morello del Riccucci
30 03/07/1853 Gobbo Saragiolo baio scuro del Bandini
31 17/08/1856 Figlio di Bonino morello del Franci
32 15/08/1864 Pilesse baio scuro dell’Amaddii
33 04/07/1875 Pilesse storno del Pisani
34 16/08/1882 Il Moro morello del Carlini
35 16/08/1893 Tabarre Lampino
36 02/07/1895 Tabarre Otello
37 02/07/1896 Scansino Farfallino
38 25/08/1896 Scansino Febo
Total victories in de 19th century : 20
39 16/08/1905 Fulmine Gobba
40 13/09/1910 Moro Gobba
41 16/08/1939 Ganascia Giacchino
42 16/08/1947 Ganascia Piero
43 16/08/1961 Vittorino Salomè de Mores
Total victories in de 20th century : 5
44 16/08/2005 Trecciolino Berio
45 02/07/2015 Brio Morosita Prima
Total victories in de 21st century : 2

In addition, Torre grants itself 6 extra Palios, not recognized by the City of Siena:

  1. 25 luglio 1599: first bufalata senese, is assigned to Onda by a majority of sources, but Torre still puts them between hers (with fantino Nottolone)
  2. 2 settembre 1601: bufalata won with fantino Sgaraglia (o Sgaruglione)
  3. 2 settembre 1602: bufalata won with fantino Nottolone
  4. 15 settembre 1621: bufalata won with fantino Meio
  5. 15 settembre 1635: bufalata won with fantino Branchino (o Pacchino)
  6. 15 settembre 1640: bufalata won with fantino Santone

Drappelloni and Numeri Unici

Drappellone and Numeri Unici can be found on pages on our Dutch website (pages will open in new tab) :

Debuting fantini

  • Since July 2, 1775, 483 fantini debuted on the Piazza
  • In 1928, no less than 9 fantini debuted (in 3 courses).
  • 21 fantini won their debut.
  • Torre had 27 fantini debut since 1775
  • No less than 4 of them won their debut: Biggeri, Mugnaino I, Scansino II en Fulmine
  • The longest period without a debutant is 28 years : 16/8/1946-2/7/1974
1 Brecchino 2/7/1778
2 Biggeri 2/7/1783
3 Ticci Contadino 2/7/1797
4 Scricciolo 2/7/1809
5 Figlio Di Caino 2/7/1821
6 Mugnaino I 18/8/1822
7 Vetturale 17/8/1827
8 Boddino 2/7/1833
9 Romano III 2/7/1846
10 Burchielli Giuseppe 15/8/1848
11 Manciano 4/7/1858
12 Girocche 2/7/1865
13 Girolametto 15/8/1872
14 Mulatto 16/8/1875
15 Fiammifero 16/8/1885
16 Scansino II 2/7/1896
17 Fulmine 16/8/1905
18 Moro III 16/8/1909
19 Vigni Ugo 2/7/1914
20 Randellone 2/7/1919
21 Cucciolo 2/7/1939
22 Coscia 16/8/1946
23 Spillo 2/7/1974
24 Primula Rossa 3/7/1978
25 Rino 2/7/1984
26 Tremendo 16/8/2009
27 Amsicora 2/7/2010

Never happened

Below you will find events that have never happened before and that cause some kind of superstition in the contradaioli. MAI or never is of course a relative term. The further we go back in time, the less data is stored and the more uncertain we become.

Torre has never :

  1. won a july palio in the 20th century
  2. won riding together with Aquila and Leocorno, Aquila and Nicchio, Bruco and Chiocciola, Bruco and Leocorno, Giraffa and Nicchio, Lupa and Nicchio
  3. won when they were selected as 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th or 8th (estrazione)
  4. won from position 2, 3, 7 or 8 at the start
  5. on standing next to Chiocciola or Giraffa or Istrice or Leocorno or Selva or Tartuca or Valdimontone at the start
  6. won an august palio after being extracted together with Chiocciola or Drago or Giraffa or Lupa or Onda or Tartuca
  7. won a palio alla romana
  8. won a palio with cavalli scossi
  9. won a palio when Bruco, Civetta, Nicchio or Onda was the rincorsa

Last update : 13 december 2019