Onda

Summary

Colors White and light blue
Symbol Dolfin (wave)
Flag Onda
Terzo Terzo di Città
Headquarters Via Giovanni Dupre 111
Museum Via Giovanni Dupre 111
Clubhouse Società “Giovanni Dupre”, Vicolo di San Salvatore
Contradaioli Ondaioli
Oratory Chiesa di San Giuseppe
Paitron Saint Visitazione di Maria Santissima (2 july, but celebrated on the fourth sunday of june)
Enemie(s) Torre
Allied contrade Nicchio (dal 1684)
Oca (antecedente il 1643 fino al 1966)
Tartuca (dal 1933)
Valdimontone (dal 1781)
Victories 40,5 officially recognized
Website http://www.contradacapitanadellonda.it

Info

Territorium

The Bando di Violante di Baviera from 1730 determined the division of the city of Siena into 17 Contrade. People referred to buildings and their owners instead of the streets (as they do now). The document is still seen today as the basis on which the actual boundaries of the districts were determined.

Today, the following streets are part of the area’s territory:

  • Via Giovanni Duprè
  • Casato di Sotto (part)
  • Casato di Sopra
  • Via di San Pietro (part)
  • Via di Fontanella
  • Via delle Lombarde
  • Via della Fonte
  • Via del Mercato
  • Via del Sambuco
  • Via di Sant’Agata (part)
  • Vicolo delle Pietre
  • Vicolo di San Salvadore
  • Vicolo della Stufa
  • Vicolo degli Ugurgieri
  • Vicolo della Fonte
  • Piazza del Mercato (part)
History

Onda 3

The Contrada has its origins in the 15th century by merging the military units of Casato di Sotto and San Salvadore. The two units were responsible for the garrison of the Republic of Siena in the Tyrrhenian Sea. This was located in Talamone, 25 km from Grosseto. Perhaps this is the reason why, when merging the two neighborhoods of Siena, they chose a Wave and Fish as a logo. The undulating streets of the neighborhood also contributed to that choice.

Until today, the inhabitants of Talamone are regarded as the district’s prottettori.

Important locations and Festa Titolare

The Oratory is dedicated to San Giuseppe. The main entrance is in Via di Fontanella. The church was built by carpenters (Legnaioli) between 1522 and did not end until 1653, when it finished the facade. The church was given the official name “San Giuseppe dei Legnaioli” as a tribute.

Onda 1

In 1787 she was donated to Onda by Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo and became the Oratory of the neighborhood.

The baptismal fountain is located in front of The Oratory in Via di Fontanella. It was built in 1972 and designed by Alfonso Buoninsegni and Algero Rosi.

The Festa Titolare in honor of Visitazione di Maria Santissima is celebrated on July 2. Because this coincides with the Palio, Onda celebrates this on the fourth Sunday of June.

Onda and the Palio

Onda has 40.5 wins. The last one dates from 16 agosto 2017 when Brigante won on Porto Alabe.

Onda won 1 Cappotto in 1779.

Onda 4

On August 16, 1713, Onda won a shared Palio with Tartuca. Onda, with Giovan Battista Pistoi detto Cappallaro on Barberino. He turned the Casato in first position and let his horse roll out. Tartuca came alongside on the finish line.

The victory was attributed to Onda, much to the tartucini’s anger. The Guidici della Corsa now had to judge. They claimed the drappellone back and the decision had to be taken by the Biccherna, the judicial body. On September 10, Marcello Martini of the Biccherna decided that the victory should be shared by both neighborhoods. The drappellone is cut into two equal parts. The sum of 40 coins must also be divided.

To this day, this is the only Palio that has been awarded to two neighborhoods.

You can find all the drappelloni won here. The Numeri Unici are also online.

Anecdotes

Like 7 other districts from Siena, Onda has a title in the name. Onda is called “Capitana”. This is a consequence of another task of the military units. After all, they were responsible for guarding the Palazzo Publicco. This was the seat of the Capitano di Giustizia. Until 1777 the court of first instance was here. In 1777 this became the Court of Justice and in 1808 it was permanently moved.

Rivalry with Torre

The rivalry between Onda and Torre is the oldest in the city and dates back to the 16th century.

Discussions about territory, as well as the very strong alliance between Oca (historic rival of Torre) and Onda (ended in 1966) were at the basis of this rivalry. This rivalry peaked in the mid-17th and early 18th centuries.

In 1641 Onda entrusted his horse to Torre. Despite the promise to give it back for the race, this did not happen and Torre de Palio won. Onda answered this insult by stealing a copper drum from Torre.

Onda 2In the following decades it went from bad to worse. During the Palio of July 2, 1688, Torre’s fantino pulled the reins of Onda’s second Casato horse. In response, someone from Onda’s Corteo Storico killed Torre’s standard bearer. The Ondaiolo fled and could not be arrested for his act. The tension between the two neighborhoods increased and contradaioli from the other neighborhood were promptly thrown out of their homes and employees were fired if they were employed by someone of the enemy.

In 1713 a discussion followed between a ondaiolo and the captain of Torre. This ended with a knife stab from the ondaiolo. The angry torraioli promptly invaded Malborghetto to take revenge. Time to restore peace was thought in Siena. On 10 August of the same year, a notarial act signed a reconciliation that heralded the end of rivalry. As a symbolic gesture, Onda returned the stolen drum to Torre.

The contacts between the two neighborhoods became better. During the Palio of July 2, 1811, things got out of hand again. Torre was the first to cross the line, followed by Onda. A big fight arose. The ondaioli claimed that Torre had only ran two rounds. Both districts went to Provenzano for the Te Deum. Only the next day was the Drappellone awarded to … Torre.

The rivalry between Onda and Torre is not a mutual one today. Onda regarded Torre as a real rival that must be stopped at all times. Torre, however, does not recognize the enmity with Onda and dismisses them as “a difficult neighbor”. Torre puts his energy in Oca, which can also be seen very clearly in the district’s victory tokens and books. There is only mockery with Oca.

A perfect illustration of this is the Palio of August 1972 when Onda won because of an error by Aceto that did not win for Oca. The torraioli celebrated Onda’s victory because earthly rival had lost Oca.

On the other hand, it was not so long ago (early 1980s) that Torre, after a bad loss, invaded Onda to be pelted with everything the ondaioli found to protect themselves. Pots and pans were thrown through the windows at the torraioli.

Images

Victories

1 02/07/1671 Bacchino ?
2 07/06/1676 Bacchino Barberino
3 02/07/1692 Monco ?
Total victories in de 17th century : 3
4 02/07/1703 Pelliccino Leprino di Buonconvento
5 02/07/1709 Pier Maria leardo della Posta
5,5 16/08/1713 Cappellaro Barberino
6,5 16/08/1714 Morino morello di Siena
7,5 03/07/1757 Bastianone Trappolino
8,5 02/07/1779 Bastiancino stornello del Ricci
9,5 16/08/1779 Brecchino baio del Nepi
10,5 18/08/1783 Dorino morello bruciato del Dei
11,5 02/07/1784 Dorino baio scuro del Bazzani
12,5 02/07/1790 Dorino baio chiaro del Manetti
Total victories in de 18th century : 9,5
13,5 16/08/1802 Mattiaccio Novano
14,5 02/07/1810 Caino morello balzano del Pezzuoli
15,5 02/07/1819 Vecchia morello del Parranchi
16,5 16/08/1825 Caino morello maltinto del Bianciardi
17,5 15/08/1848 Gobbo Saragiolo storno del Grassellini
18,5 16/08/1849 Gobbo Saragiolo morello del Barbetti
19,5 17/08/1851 Folaghino morella con piccola stella
20,5 15/08/1856 Spagnoletto morello del Micheli
21,5 27/04/1860 Figlio di Bonino morello stellino del Bandini
22,5 28/09/1862 Bachicche morello del Franci
23,5 02/07/1868 Paolaccino storno del Grandi
24,5 15/08/1870 Paolaccino baia del Venturini
25,5 03/07/1892 Bozzetto baia strisca in fronte
26,5 29/05/1893 Bozzetto baia marrone del Ramalli
Total victories in de 19th century : 14
27,5 02/07/1902 Pallino Ponona
28,5 14/09/1928 Sgonfio Giacca
29,5 03/07/1930 Picino Lina
30,5 03/07/1932 Ganascia Gobba di Vescona
31,5 02/07/1950 Ciancone Gioia
32,5 02/07/1954 Vittorino Gaudenzia
33,5 02/07/1969 Ciancone Sambrina
34,5 16/08/1972 Valente Orbello
35,5 02/07/1980 Marasma Miura
36,5 16/08/1985 Cianchino Benito III
37,5 02/07/1995 Cianchino Oriolu de Zamaglia
Total victories in de 20th century : 11
38,5 02/07/2012 Trecciolino Ivanov
39,5 16/08/2013 Tittia Morosita Prima
40,5 16/08/2017 Brigante Porto Alabe
Total victories in de 21st century : 3

In addition, Onda grants itself 6 extra Palios, not recognized by the City of Siena:

  1. 6 agosto 1581 : Palio rionale organised by Torre
  2. 15 agosto 1581 : Palio alla lunga
  3. 7 maggio 1643 : Palio organised by the Balia to celebrate the birthday of Prins Mattias de’ Medici, governor of Siena
  4. 2 luglio 1666 : Palio ran with 16 contrade, who was assigned to Onda in 1669 and of which they have a document. Oca also has the same document. Other sources, however, attribute the victory to Leocorno, Nicchio and Valdimontone
  5. 2 luglio 1669 : Palio assigned to Onda with the same reason of the 1666 one. Other sources attribute the Palio to Istrice and Torre.
  6. 2 luglio 1679 : Palio ran with 13 contrade, not recognised by the city of Siena

Drappelloni and Numeri Unici

Drappellone and Numeri Unici can be found on pages on our Dutch website (pages will open in new tab) :

Debuting fantini

  • Since July 2, 1775, 483 fantini debuted on the Piazza
  • In 1928, no less than 9 fantini debuted (in 3 courses).
  • 21 fantini won their debut.
  • Onda had 25 fantini debute since 1775
  • Spagnoletto won on his debut
  • The longest period without a debutant is 36 years : 2/7/1884-13/9/1910
1 Leggero 2/7/1812
2 Foramacchie 2/7/1815
3 Francino 19/8/1818
4 Partino Maggiore 16/8/1838
5 Betto 16/8/1840
6 Bachicche 16/8/1850
7 Spagnoletto 15/8/1856
8 Romano IV 16/8/1865
9 Cecchino 17/8/1873
10 Cappuccino 2/7/1876
11 Ansanello 16/8/1877
12 Pietrino I 2/7/1884
13 Rossi Guido 13/9/1910
14 Pirulino 2/7/1920
15 Sgonfio 2/7/1928
16 Meloncino 16/8/1932
17 Studente 16/8/1934
18 Cartone 16/8/1935
19 Canapetta 2/7/1959
20 Bozzolo 16/8/1960
21 Lenticchia 16/8/1962
22 Valente II 2/7/1971
23 Nuvola 3/7/1983
24 Batticuore 2/7/2004
25 Voglia 2/7/2009

Never happened

Below you will find events that have never happened before and that cause some kind of superstition in the contradaioli. MAI or never is of course a relative term. The further we go back in time, the less data is stored and the more uncertain we become.

Onda has never :

  1. won in august when Civetta or Leocorno participated
  2. won with a fantino who also won for Aquila
  3. won when they were selected as 2nd or 6th (estrazione)
  4. won from position 4, 6, 7 or 9 at the start *
  5. won standing next to Bruco or Istrice or Nicchio or Oca or Valdimontone at the start
  6. won a juli palio when extracted together with Aquila or Bruco or Chiocciola or Civetta or Drago or Giraffa or Istrice or Leocorno or Lupa or Selva
  7. won a palio alla romana
  8. won a palio with cavalli scossi
  9. won a palio when Giraffa, Tartuca or Torre was rincorsa

* Lupa was placed 3rd for the Palio on 16 August 2017. But due to an injury of the horse, they eventually did not walk. As a result, Onda, who were drawn as 4th, moved on to place 3.

Last update : 10 december 2019