Leocorno

Summary

Colors White and orange with a purple band
Symbol Unicorn
Flag Leocorno
Terzo Terzo di San Martino
Headquarters Piazza Virgilio Grassi
Museum Piazza Virgilio Grassi
Clubhouse Società “Il Cavallino”, Piazza Virgilio Grassi
Contradaioli Lecaioli
Oratory San Giovannino in Pantaneto
Paitron Saint San Giovanni Battista (24 june)
Enemie(s) Civetta (dal 1960)
Allied contrade Bruco (dal 1937 al 1995)
Civetta (dal 1795 fino al 1960)
Pantera (dal 1792)
Tartuca (dal 1815)
Torre (dal 1793 al 1980)
Victories 30 officially recognized
Website http://www.contradaleocorno.it

Info

Territory

The Bando di Violante di Baviera from 1730 determined the division of the city of Siena into 17 Contrade. People referred to buildings and their owners instead of the streets (as they do now). The document is still seen today as the basis on which the actual boundaries of the districts were determined.

Today, the following streets are part of the area’s territory:

  • via di Pantaneto (part)
  • via Sallustio Bandini (part)
  • Banchi di Sotto (part)
  • via di Follonica
  • via San Vigilio (part)
  • via delle Logge del Papa (part)
  • via del Porrione (part)
  • via San Martino (part)
  • via Pagliaresi (part)
  • vicolo Magalotti
  • via degli Orefici

spadaforte

The former territory of the extinct Contrada della Spadaforte has also been partially included in Leocorno. The other piece is part of Torre.

History

Leocorno 3

Legend says that the chiesa di San Giovannino, where the Oratory of the district is currently located, originated on the ruins of an ancient Jupiter temple.

A small bell (campanile) has been preserved at the headquarters of the neighborhood. The legend says that this is the “martinella” of the Carroccio that was used during the Battle of Montaperti (1260) where Siena defeated the Florentines.

Important locations and Festa Titolare

Leocorno 1The Oratory of Leocorno San Giovannino in Pantaneto is located in Piazza Virgilio Grassi. The entire contrada life of the Leocorno district takes place on and around this square. The church was built in the 16th century on an old Romanesque building dedicated to John the Baptist from the thirteenth century. On the walls of the church there are 15 painted stories about the life of John the Baptist. First the chapel of the church was used for meetings of the neighborhood. Between 1776 and 1869 the church was used by the district as an Oratory. Afterwards they had to move to the nearby Chiesa di San Giorgio. The church has been in use by Leocorno since 1966.

The baptismal fountain is located in Via Pantaneto and was designed by Carlo Nepi in 1997.

The Festa Titolare in honor of San Giovanni Battista is celebrated on June 24.

Leocorno and the Palio

Leocorno 4

Leocorno counts 30 wins. The last one dates from 16 August 2007 when Scompiglio won on Brento.

Until now, Leocorno never won a Cappotto.

Between August 16, 1704 and August 18, 1776, Leocorno won no Palios. 72 years the neighborhood had to wait for a new victory. In the 18th century Leocorno only achieved 3 victories. A depth record.

Since 1980, when the “cuffia” after 24 years as “nonna” went away, they won 7x the Palio in 35 years, a nice average. As a result, they have grown as a neighborhood from a very small neighborhood to a mediocre population.

You can find all the drappelloni won here. The Numeri Unici are also online.

Anecdotes

The motto of the Contrada (Fiede et risana al para l ‘c’ho in fronte) refers to the old belief that the horn of the unicorn was an all-healing panacea. Legend says that the unicorn comes from the Narwhal, a type of whale with a huge horn. You can also find an authentic Narwal horn in the museum of the neighborhood.

Leocorno 2The use of the unicorn in a coat of arms is very popular in Tuscany. You can also find it in the coat of arms of the Santa Maria Novella district in Florence, at the Santa Maria al Prato district of Pistoia, and at Porta di Capo di Ponte in Prato.

Leocorno, formerly one with Torre under the name “Liofante” is the only neighborhood that has changed its name throughout history. At old public parties, Leocorno came out with a leopard (Leopardo). Later they started using Leocorno, the unicorn.

The change of name and logo had consequences for their Palio history and happened several times. For example, they did not win any Palio under the name Leopardo for 72 years (between 1704 and 1776). In 1800 it was decided to go through life as Leocorno. That became Leopardo again between 1827 and 1902.

In 1902 it became Leocorno, with the unicorn as a symbol. Since then it has won no less than 13 of the in total 30 Palio won!

The name of the neighborhood is popularly abbreviated to Leco.

Rivalry with Civetta

The rivalry between the Civetta and Leocorno is a very recent one, which originated in the late fifties, and officially became in 1960. The cause are disputes around borders.

Images

Victories

1 02/07/1662 Pavolino ?
2 01/06/1664 Chellini Francesco Balzanello
3 03/07/1667 Bacchino leardo
Total victories in de 17th century : 3
4 16/08/1704 Marracchino Salta la macchia
5 18/08/1776 Ciocio stornello del Santini
6 02/07/1795 Piaccina baio scuro del Bologni
Total victories in de 18th century : 3
7 02/07/1809 Biggeri Rondinello
8 16/08/1815 Caino baio dorato del Chiarini
9 16/08/1818 Piaccina baio scuro del Pagliai
10 02/07/1827 Stecco baio bruciato del Galanti
11 17/08/1828 Campanino baio dorato del Batazzi
12 02/07/1839 Partino morello del Riccucci
13 02/07/1845 Sagrino morello del Barbetti
14 03/07/1851 Paolaccino morella con piccola stella
15 16/08/1857 Mascherino baio gaggio del Merlotti
16 02/07/1860 Spagnoletto baio scuro del Merlotti
17 16/08/1883 Sordo morello del Carlini
Total victories in de 19th century : 11
18 17/04/1904 Picino Primetta
19 02/07/1919 Cispa Giacca
20 17/08/1920 Rancani Esperta
21 02/07/1929 Porcino Giacca
22 16/08/1950 Rompighiaccio Niduzza
23 05/09/1954 Vittorino Gaudenzia
24 17/08/1980 Aceto Uana de Lechereo
25 03/07/1983 Bastiano Benito III
26 02/07/1993 Il Pesse Barabba
27 16/08/1995 Il Pesse Bella Speranza
Total victories in de 20th century : 10
28 16/08/2000 Venus VIII
29 02/07/2001 Trecciolino Ugo Sanchez
30 16/08/2007 Scompiglio Brento
Total victories in de 21st century : 3

Leocorno grants itself two additional victories, not recognized by the City of Siena:

  1. 1611: bufalata
  2. 2 luglio 1666: non official Palio. Some sources report that he was won by Leocorno, others say Valdimontone, Nicchio or Onda.

Drappelloni and Numeri Unici

Drappellone and Numeri Unici can be found on pages on our Dutch website (pages will open in new tab) :

Debuting fantini

  • Since July 2, 1775, 483 fantini debuted on the Piazza
  • In 1928, no less than 9 fantini debuted (in 3 courses).
  • 21 fantini won their debut.
  • Leocorno had 39 fantini debute since 1775
  • No less than 4 of them won on their debut : Ciocio, Partino Minore, Sagrino and Scompiglio
  • The longest period without a debutant is 22 years : 16/8/1959-2/7/1981
1 Ciocio 16/8/1776
2 Lollo 16/8/1780
3 Dorino 16/8/1781
4 Uccellino 2/7/1785
5 Sansoncino 2/7/1797
6 Livornino 30/3/1819
7 Partino Minore 2/7/1839
8 Giorgini 16/8/1839
9 Fornaio 2/7/1840
10 Sagrino 2/7/1845
11 Mascherino I 2/7/1857
12 Del Croce Domenico 3/7/1864
13 Cecco 2/7/1867
14 Leggerino 2/7/1873
15 Masino II 2/7/1884
16 Vetturini Giulio 19/8/1894
17 Pioviscola 2/7/1895
18 Popo 23/9/1896
19 Bibbiena 16/8/1897
20 Carosi Ettore 2/7/1911
21 Rossi Angelo 2/7/1924
22 Napoletano 2/7/1931
23 Il Biondo 16/8/1935
24 Saragiolo II 18/5/1947
25 Morino V 2/7/1948
26 Zanna 16/8/1949
27 Ganghero 2/7/1952
28 Seguito 16/8/1955
29 Pennello 16/8/1959
30 Il Bersaglia 2/7/1981
31 Falchino 16/8/1984
32 Olinto 16/8/1991
33 Battaglia 16/8/1997
34 Pampero 2/7/1998
35 Bighino 2/7/1999
36 Scompiglio 16/8/2007
37 Filuferro 16/8/2009
38 Grandine 16/8/2012
39 Turbine 2/7/2015

Never happened

Below you will find events that have never happened before and that cause some kind of superstition in the contradaioli. MAI or never is of course a relative term. The further we go back in time, the less data is stored and the more uncertain we become.

Leocorno has ever :

  1. won a cappotto
  2. won riding together with Chiocciola and Oca, Istrice and Tartuca
  3. won in august when Oca rode
  4. won when they were selected as 1st or 8th (estrazione)
  5. won starting from position 2 or 7 at the start
  6. won standing next to Drago or Nicchio or Oca at the start
  7. won a july palio after being drawn with Aquila or Civetta or Drago or Giraffa or Lupa or Nicchio or Oca or Onda or Pantera or Tartuca or Valdimontone
  8. won an august palio after being drawn with Aquila or Civetta or Drago or Istrice or Lupa or Onda or Pantera or Torre or Valdimontone
  9. won a palio alla romana
  10. won a palio when Bruco, Civetta, Pantera, Torre or Valdimontone was the rincorsa
Last update : 6 december 2019